Discover Your Ancestry
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Got Neanderthal DNA?
- Higher brow
- Narrower shoulders
- Slightly taller
- Heavy eyebrow ridge
- Long, low, bigger skull
- Prominent nose with developed nasal chambers for cold-air protection
Check your own results now.
From bones like these three (Vi33.16, Vi33.25, Vi33.26) found in the Vindija cave in Croatia, scientists extracted Neanderthal DNA. Using these samples they painstakingly assembled the Neanderthal genome sequence.
Neanderthals were a group of humans who lived in Europe and Western Asia. They are the closest evolutionary relatives of modern humans, but they went extinct about 30,000 years ago. The first Neanderthals arrived in Europe as early as 600,000 to 350,000 years ago. Neanderthals ‐ Homo neanderthalensis ‐ and modern humans ‐ Homo sapiens ‐ lived along side each other for thousands of years. Genetic evidence suggest that they interbred and although Neanderthals disappeared about 30,000 years ago, traces of their DNA ‐ between 1 percent and 4 percent ‐ is found in all modern humans outside of Africa. Apart from the curiosity of finding what percentage of a modern human's genome is Neanderthal, the information has great value for science. By comparing our DNA with Neanderthal DNA, scientists can detect the most recent evolutionary changes as we developed into fully modern humans. Read more about the science behind this tool.